Muzaffarabad is the capital and 2nd largest city of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan after Mirpur.
It is located in Muzaffarabad District on the banks of the Jhelum and Neelum rivers. The district is bounded by Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa in the west, by the Kupwara and Baramulla districts of the Indian-administered territory of Jammu and Kashmir in the east, and the Neelum District of Azad Kashmir in the north.
This Valley is at the confluence of the Jhelum and Neelum rivers. It is 138 km from Rawalpindi and about 76 km from Abbottabad. The present name of Muzaffarabad has been given to it after the name of Sultan Muzaffar Khan, a chief of Bomba Dynasty (1652). There are two forts, Red and Black, on the opposite sides of river Neelum. The Neelum river streams through the town join the river Jhelum at Domel and play a dominant role in the micro-climate of Muzaffarabad.
The original name of Muzaffarabad was Udabhanda.Udabhanda was the capital of the Shahi dynasty. The Shahi also called Shahiya, dynasties ruled portions of the Kabul Valley (in eastern Afghanistan) and the old province of Gandhara (northern Pakistan and Kashmir) from the decline of the Kushan Empire in the third century to the early ninth century. The kingdom was known as Kabul-Shahan or Ratbel-Shahan (565–670 CE) when they had their capitals in Kapisa and Kabul, and later Udabhandapura (also known as Hund) for its new capital. The term Shahi is the title of the rulers, likely related to the Kushan form Shao or Persian form Shah and refers to a series of 60 rulers probably descended from the Kushans or Turks (Turshkas).
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